Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was the ninth of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion and the leader of Sikhs from 1665 until his beheading in 1675. Guru Tegh Bahadur was born on 18 April 1621 in Amritsar. The real name of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was Tyaga Mal. His martyrdom is remembered as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji. He was martyred on 24 November 1675. He followed the path shown by the first Guru Nanak. The 115 hymns composed by him are included in the Guru Granth Sahib Ji. He opposed the conversion of Kashmiri Pandits and other Hindus by force to Muslims. Because of which in 1675, the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb asked him to accept Islam, but Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji did not agree and he said that “the head can be cut but not the hair”, then the Mughal ruler beheaded Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji in front of everyone. He is called “Hind Di Chadar” for his sacrifice. Today Shishganj Gurudwara is situated at the same place in Delhi where the Mughal emperor had beheaded Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.
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